In the next few days, the football public will be treated to an interesting spectacle in Real Madrid’s duel against Barcelona. The duel of two teams from Spain is always a spectacle worthy of football lovers, because it will show the prestige, skills, tactics, squads or individuals. Apart from football, it has been proven that there are historical and political elements that have made this even more interesting to observe.
The dispute between Real Madrid and Barcelona is a change in the arena of political sacrifice in the format of soccer. Its history can be re-examined in the history of the Spanish civil war or before.
Before the Spanish Civil War, there was a variety of news which caused friction among the various Spanish societies, both political and religious, which then culminated in the Spanish Civil War in 1936, between the Republican and Nationalist (rebel) classifications.
In short, the Nationalist classification which disliked the situation in Spain carried out a rebellion against the ruling classification, namely the classification of the Republic, which was led by conservative generals. The Republican camp received assistance from the Soviet Union and the International Communist Category, while the Nationalist camp received support from Germany and Italy guided by Fascism, and Portugal.
Remembering the Spanish Conflict – Catalan in the El-Classico Duel
The war then led to “clashes” between the two clubs, namely when Real Madrid was considered as a representative of the Castilian region (Castile), while Barcelona from Catalonia. This is related to the ban on the application of flags and languages where Catalan was during General Fransesco Franco’s rule. All regional / place cultures were suppressed. All languages applied in the Spanish region are prohibited from being used, other than Spanish (Castilian). Barcelona, the capital of the province of Catalonia where a large portion of the population came from the Catalans and Basques, later became an area where Catalans could gather and dialogue with the languages of their place.
On 6 August 1936, Barcelona FC President who was also a representative of the pro-independence political party, Joseph Sunol was killed by Falangist soldiers affiliated with the Nationalist (rebel) classification of General Fransesco Franco. In 1938, Barcelona was subjected to aerial bombardments, including offices of Barcelona FC being victims. On January 26, 1939, Barcelona fell into the hands of the Nationalist classification, while Madrid was only controlled on March 28.
In 1943, Barcelona faced Real Madrid in the Copa del Generalísimo semi-final. It so happened that the General was an admirer of Real Madrid. In the first leg, the race was won by Barcelona with a score of 3-0, but partly before entering the second leg, Barcelona’s arrival of General Fransesco Franco in the dressing room gave the message that, Barcelona can play because of the generosity of the General’s regime. The result of the second leg of such a thing was a win for Real Madrid with a value of 11-1.
With the “wrongdoers” of the people of Catalonia, Barcelona FC becomes something more than a football club, a symbol of the willingness to freedom, as a symbol of Catalonia’s confrontation with Franco and Spain, between “tyranny and democracy”, or “fascism and freedom”. Real Madrid is considered as an embodiment of oppression in the name of centralism and fascist regimes during the Spanish civil war, let alone one of the former president of Real Madrid club, Santiago Bernabeu, which is now the name of the stadium, which is one of the fighters of the pro-Nationalist classification.
Overall the war took place from July 17, 1936 to April 1, 1939, and ended with victory in the Nationalist camp led by General Fransesco Franco. Post-war, in the political sphere, constitutionally, based on the 1978 Spanish Constitution, Catalonia together with the Basques and Galicia became components of an autonomous region separate from Spain.
Although in 2010 Spain successfully became a World Cup champion with a variety of player compositions, both from Catalan and Spain, it did not erode both clashes at the club stage or in the kinship of centers.